Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. It is known that there are about three hundred species of helminths in the world. The worms parasitize the internal organs, affecting them and causing various diseases.
The parasite eggs enter the human body in several ways.
- Contact is one of the most common ways to enter the human body. Contagious helminthiases are spread when personal hygiene rules are not followed (unwashed hands).
- Geohelminthiasis. The larvae enter the soil or water with the feces of sick animals, or by the transfer of insects. Flies are the main transmitter of the infection. In addition, the source of invasion is direct contact with a sick animal, through feces, saliva or wool.
- Biohelminthiasis. Infection occurs via food through food. Worm eggs enter the body through unwashed vegetables, fruits, eggs. Eating insufficiently heat-processed meat, fish and seafood also leads to invasion.
- transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through insect bites.
Signs of the appearance of worms
You can identify the presence of a disease in a person using the following symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- bloating, flatulence;
- chair violation;
- allergic rashes on the body;
- weight changes;
- chronic fatigue syndrome.
If these signs appear, you should immediately contact your doctor, who will make a referral for tests, diagnosis of the disease.
It is not possible to detect the presence of the disease immediately. The latent period can last for years. After diagnosis, anthelmintics are prescribed by a specialist who performs a series of tests, identifying the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. For each type of parasite, a specific course of treatment will be prescribed. Self-medication in this case is contraindicated. In the acute form of the disease, the doctor prescribes infusions, injections.
Anthelmintic treatment is not always effective, so the course of therapy is repeated after a few weeks. During treatment, part of the helminth worms dies and passes out in the feces.
The treatment of worms has an integrated approach, including immunotherapy and the use of antibacterial drugs. All family members should take a preventive course against helminthiasis.