More than 250 species of various parasites can survive in the human body! According to statistics cited by the WHO, about 4, 5 billion people are infected with parasites, and that figure includes not only residents of "Third World" countries, it has been established that more than 30% of all inhabitants of Europe are carriers. A person can live in peace and not even suspect that intruders have already installed themselves in his body. So, maybe they are safe, since they are not problematic? But even taking this opinion into account, it is necessary to know how to identify parasites, determine their type and know how parasites are treated and what carelessness can be transformed into.
Why can parasites start?
As the parasites appear in the human body, after all, they cannot come from the air? In fact, the mechanism of infection is simple - most of the time dirty hands become the cause of the infection, from where the larvae enter the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), where they become adults and remain in the human body, devouring withsecurity everything that is most valuable in it: vitamins and minerals. . .
In some cases, the parasite reaches a person through sexual contact. Thus, you can be infected with trichomoniasis, pinworms and ploshchitsy (popularly - pubic lice). There is a high risk of infection by pets and personal hygiene items (cloths, towels).
It is easy to see that the causes of parasites in the body are quite prosaic. In most cases, children are infected, unless the infection is sexually transmitted, of course.
We have discovered the reasons, now we will find out what signs of parasites in the body will tell you that you need to start treatment.
How to determine the presence of parasites in the body?
If the vital activity of the "neighbors" is asymptomatic, some signs of parasites in the human body can still be detected without a special diagnosis. These signs include:
- General weakness, as the body does not receive important substances, supplying them with parasites;
- White discharge in women indicates trichomoniasis;
- Developmental delay in children;
- The appearance of allergic rashes and dermatitis on the skin;
- Mental exhaustion with prolonged infection.
Although these signs are only indirect indications of the presence of parasites, they can be a powerful reason for a complete diagnosis.
For many years, the diagnosis of parasites in the human body has been limited only to the analysis of feces for the presence of roundworm eggs. This approach made it possible to determine the infection only in the final stage of the disease. Currently, diagnoses have improved significantly. To identify parasites in the body, this type of research is used today:
- ELISA or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. It allows to detect the presence of the corresponding antibodies;
- ART - vegetative resonance test;
- Bioresonance therapy.
Private clinics increasingly offer new methods, devices for the diagnosis of parasites, so it is very important to consult an immunologist for advice. The specialist will explain how to check for parasites in the body in the most informative way.
It is very important to identify the presence of parasites in time, their prolonged stay in the body can have a detrimental effect on human life. There are frequent cases where the infection is fatal.
Are all parasites harmful to humans?
Recently, scientists began to study the relationship between autoimmune diseases and the vital activity of parasitic worms. The conclusions reached by the American researchers shocked!
It has been discovered that parasites that live in the human body can also be beneficial in stimulating the immune system.
For many centuries, people lived with parasites, forming a specific symbiosis. Now that the number of infected people has dropped significantly, people are more susceptible to autoimmune diseases.
Beneficial parasites in the human body activate their own immune regulation, as a result of which the host receives double protection. Thus, intestinal worms are able to suppress inflammatory processes in the body. Research on this relationship continues today. It is impossible to predict what other discoveries they will bring.
Types of parasites
All parasites in the human body are conditionally divided into subgroups, according to the nature of their effect on the body. Types of parasites in the human body, as well as the symptoms and treatment of parasites in the human body:
|Name of parasites in humans||Adverse effects||Symptoms||How to kill parasites in the body||Infection mechanism|
|Helminths||They have a depressing effect on the intestinal microflora. It disrupts the metabolism and prevents the absorption of nutrients.||Rash, enlarged lymph nodes, liver and spleen, jaundice, fever.||For treatment, a number of special anthelmintic drugs are used.||Through food, common hygiene items, as a result of intimate contact with animals.|
|Roundworm||They cause the development of a number of diseases in the intestines, gallbladder and lungs.||Low fever, diarrhea (in the initial phase), dry cough, acute allergic reactions.||The parasites die on their own after one year, as they cannot reproduce in the body. Anthelmintic drugs are used in the treatment.||As a result of poor hygiene.|
|Fungi||They can be a trigger for cancer diseases.||White plaque on mucous membranes, redness and peeling of the skin, itching in the affected area.||Treatment depends on the location of the fungus. Fungus medications come in the form of ointments, medicated shampoos and special treatment solutions.||Transmitted through common items. The healthy areas of those infected are affected.|
|Earthworms||It has a damaging effect on the intestines.||Itching in the anal area, allergies, nausea and vomiting.||It is treated with anthelmintic drugs.||Failure to comply with personal hygiene, along with food.|
|Giardia||It affects the liver of the host.||Digestive disorders, periodic fever, diarrhea.||Choleretic enzymatic preparations, antibiotics. Antihistamine treatment.||Through household items, along with food.|
|Chlamydia||They contribute to the development of diabetes and infertility, destroy the liver and affect the pancreas.||In women, it is almost asymptomatic - urination may become more frequent. In men, it manifests as urethritis, white discharge and pain when urinating.||AntibioticsThe treatment of the sexual partner is mandatory.||Unprotected sex. Rarely - through personal hygiene items.|
|Trichomonas||They affect the oral cavity, causing disturbances in the functioning of the genitourinary system and intestines. The host's vascular system also suffers. It can cause oncology.||Cuts when urinating, foamy discharge from the external genitals of men and women.||Antibiotics, immunomodulators, enzymes. Local external treatment: women with vaginal sanitizing suppositories, men with an antiseptic solution.||Sexually transmitted infection.|
|Toxoplasma||It affects the mucous membranes, causes disturbances in the functioning of the genitourinary system and intestines. Long-term "cohabitation" is fraught with mental retardation.||It is asymptomatic or disguised as various diseases. Revealed with a thorough examination.||Ethiotropic treatment, immunomodulators, antihistamines, toxoplasmotherapy.||Through meat and vegetables. When a pregnant woman is infected, the baby is infected in the womb. Infection by domestic cats.|
|Fascioliasis||They cause hepatitis and cause allergic reactions.||Allergy symptoms that occur in the context of general malaise. The chronic form is characterized by pain in the liver.||Antihistamines, calcium chloride. If complications occur, hepatitis is treated.||Through meat, unwashed herbs and untreated water.|
This list of parasites in the human body will help you know when to seek medical attention. An infectious disease specialist will prescribe treatment depending on the type of parasite in the human body. You should not postpone an appointment with a doctor and wait for complications - any illness is easier to cure in its early stages.